Family:  Amaranthaceae Synonyms: Amaranthus gangeticus, Amarannthus tristis, Amaranthus mangostanus Common Name:  Chinese Spinach, Joseph’s-coat Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer Poinsettia Local Name: Chaulai (चौलाई)

Chaulai is an annual potherb, usually seen growing as a weed in arable land, roadside, garden and in cultivated field. Chaulai is found upto an altitude of 2000 m in Western Himalayas. It generally prefers well-drained sunny moist habitat.

Harvesting Chaulai leaves fron a plant growing in concrete habitat outside our collage campus

           

Chaulai Leaves are edible and eaten raw or cooked. Leaves are with very mild flavor, so young leaves and tender terminals are usually preferred for cooking. These are rich source of minerals and vitamins, thus  used as an excellent summer substitute of spinach.

Three common Amaranthus spp. 1.A.tricolor 2. A.spinosus and 3. A. viridis 

Local people harvest chaulai from wild for their local use of food and medicine. Chaulai is also harvested as a fodder and supposed to increase the milk yield of milch cattle.

Plant is occasionally cultivated and also met as an escape species in waste places.

A Plant of Chaulai in natural habitat

Chaulai Plant:

Plant is an erect tropical annual potherb with long-stalked leaves, growing up to 50-150 cm tall.

Stem obtusely angular, glabrous, except young parts.

 Leaves ovate- ovate- rhomboid, 10-15 cm long, acuminate, subentire, crenulate, often blotches with red- purple, base cuneate; petioles 2.5- 10 cm long.

A plant of Chaulai

Flowers uni sexual, in axillary and paniculate, clustered, terminal spikes; bracts awned, exceeding the tepals. tepals 3 , oblong- obovate, awned. Stamens 3. Utricles 3- denate at apex.

 Seeds globose.

Chaulai edible leaves can be best harvested from pre- summer to rainy season. Edible seeds can be collected from mid summer to beginning of autumn season.

Edible Uses:

Whole plant of chaulai is edible. Young chaulai Leaves are used as a vegetable and eaten for their nutritive and medicinal value. Stem and seeds of chaulai are also edible, seeds can be cooked as whole and supposed to be very nutritious but need to be ringed thoroughly before cooking to destroy the saponin present in them.

Harvested Chaulai leaf for saag preparation

 Leafy Vegetable (saag):

 Ingredients:

Tender shoot tips and leaves of chaulai, 1 kg; mustard oil, 2 table spoons; coriander powder 1 table spoon; fenugreek powder, ½ table spoon; cumin seed ¼ table spoon; turmeric powder, 1/4 table spoon; red chillies, 2-3; chopped onions 2-4; garlic, 4-5 cloves; ginger paste ½ table spoon and salt according to taste.

Method:

Boil chopped leaves they become soft.  Then mesh manually or in a mixer. Then sauté with hot mustard oil and the spices listed before in sequence. This sauted saag is then ready and can be served as such or can be mixed with 2 or 3 chopped onion and cooked for another 5 to 10 minutes before serving.

Chaulai cooked as potherb

Seeds Recipes:

 Seeds of chaulai are cooked as a whole in variety of way like Upmma,Rehdoo and kheer

Harvested chaulai whole seeds for cooking.

Upmma:

Ingredients:

Chaulai whole seeds,1kg; mustard oil, 2 table spoons; cumin seed ¼ table spoon; turmeric powder, 1/4 table spoon; red chillies, 2-3; chopped onions 2-4; chopped tomatoes 2-4; curry leaves (Murraya koenigii), 50 g  and salt according to taste.

Method:

Seeds of chaulai are first of all cooked like rice and then boiled seeds are sauted with spices like cumin seeds, turmeric powder, red chillies, curry leaves (Murraya koenigii) chopped onion, chopped tomatoes and salt. Now Upmma is ready to serve.

Rehdoo:

Ingredients:

Chaulai whole seeds, ½ kg; rice/oats, 250 g; cumin seed ¼ table spoon; turmeric powder, 1/4 table spoon; red chillies, 2-3; curry leaves/mint leaves (Murraya koenigii), 50 g  and salt according to taste.

Method:

For preparing REHDOO a local dish chaulai seeds are cooked with butter milk and oats after adding turmeric powder, salt and green chilies according to taste. Then cook seeds till they are soft and then serve after garnishing with chopped coriander leaves.

Rehdoo of chaulai seeds and oats

Kheer:

Ingredients:

Chaulai whole seeds, ½ kg; rice/oats, milk, 1 liter; grated dry fruits, 50-100g; 250 g; sugar/ honey/natural sweetener according to taste.

Method:

For preparing KHEER cook whole chaulai seeds with sugar/ honey, oats/ rice in milk till they are soft then garnish the recipe with grated dry fruits acc. to taste and serve. Recipe can be served during fast also.

Chaulai seeds and oats kheer ready to serve

Nutritive Value of Leaves:

The leaves contain about 3.5% protein, 0.25% fat, 6.6% carbohydrate, 3.1% ash, 24mg iron per 100g, 464mg calcium per 100g, they are rich in vitamin A and have a fair content of vitamins B1 and C.

 On a zero-moisture basis 100g of the leaves contains up to 2441mg calcium, 1008mg phosphorus, 51mg iron, 34mg sodium, 4475mg potassium, 37,623 micrograms beta-carotene equivalent, 0.68mg thiamine, 2.37mg riboflavin, 11.48mg niacin and 730mg ascorbic acid1.

Medicinal Uses:
The plant is considered to be astringent, diuretic, appetizing, digestive and a wholesome diet. Decoction of the plant finds application in dysentery and haemoptysis. Leaves are said to act as an antidote to poison. Root- paste, mixed with warm water, when given internally, induces vomiting and thereby purges out toxic matter from the bowel. Powdered root is effective in onychia; root paste, in combination with honey and rice water, is useful in leucorrhoea 2 .

Other Uses: Plant is harvested as a fodder.

References:
!. Purohit SS, Sharma AK, Prajapati ND, Kumar T. A handbook of medicinal plants: a complete source     book. Edition. 2009;2:352-3.
2.Duke. J. A. and Ayensu. E. S. (1985);   Medicinal Plants of China reference Publications, Inc. ISBN 0-917256-20-4    

1,938 thoughts on “Amaranthus tricolor L.- Chaulai (चौलाई)

  1. That is really attention-grabbing, You are an overly professional blogger.
    I’ve joined your feed and look ahead to in the
    hunt for extra of your great post. Also, I’ve shared your web site
    in my social networks

  2. Have you ever considered about including a little bit more than just your articles?
    I mean, what you say is important and everything.
    Nevertheless think of if you added some great graphics or video clips to
    give your posts more, “pop”! Your content is excellent but with images and clips,
    this website could definitely be one of the greatest in its field.

    Excellent blog!

  3. Nicely put. Appreciate it!
    [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]online pharmacies canada[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]top rated online canadian pharmacies[/url] [url=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/]canada pharmacies online[/url] [url=https://buymodafinilntx.com/]modafinil for sale[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]cheap cialis[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]canadian cialis[/url]

  4. Seriously a lot of fantastic material.
    [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]buy cialis[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]aarp approved canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]canadian online pharmacy[/url]

  5. Factor clearly applied.!
    [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]canadian rx[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canada drugs[/url] [url=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/]canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]cialis canada[/url]

  6. You said it adequately..
    [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]online pharmacies of canada[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]Can You Get Generic Cialis In Canada[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/]canadian viagra[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]northwest pharmacy[/url]

  7. Beneficial forum posts. Regards!
    [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]canadian viagra[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]cialis online[/url] [url=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/]drugs for sale[/url] [url=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/]canada pharmacy[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canadian online pharmacy[/url]

  8. Great advice. Kudos.
    [url=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/]online pharmacies of canada[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canada online pharmacies[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuymsn.com/]canadian pharmacies that ship to us[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]london drugs canada[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]ed meds online without doctor prescription[/url]

  9. Nicely put, Kudos!
    [url=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/]pharmacy on line[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]canadian pharmacies that are legit[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/]canada pharmacies online prescriptions[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]canada pharmacy[/url]

  10. Lovely forum posts, Thank you!
    [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]drugstore online shopping[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canadian pharmacy viagra brandcanadian pharmaceuticals online[/url] [url=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/]canadian pharmacies online[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]cialis online[/url]

  11. You’ve made your point.
    [url=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/]viagra without a prescription[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]canadian online pharmacy[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]mexican pharmacies shipping to usa[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]canadian pharmacies shipping to usa[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuymsn.com/]north west pharmacy canada[/url] [url=https://buymodafinilntx.com/]provigil vs nuvigil[/url]

  12. Amazing write ups. Thanks!
    [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]canada pharmacy[/url] [url=https://buymodafinilntx.com/]interactions for modafinil[/url] [url=https://trustedwebpharmacy.com/]canadian pharmacies-24h[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]pharmacie canadienne[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]order prescriptions online without doctor[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canada pharmacy[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]canadian cialis[/url]

  13. Many thanks. I like it.
    [url=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/]mexican pharmacies shipping to usa[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]buy cialis online[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/]buy viagra without a prescription[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]canada drugs online[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuymsn.com/]northwest pharmacy/com[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]canada pharmacy online[/url] [url=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/]price pro pharmacy canada[/url]

  14. Nicely put, Thanks a lot.
    [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]canadian pharmacy online[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]drugs for sale[/url]

  15. Thanks a lot, Good stuff.
    [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]Notizie Sul Cialis[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canadian pharmacies that are legit[/url] [url=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/]canadian pharmacy[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]no 1 canadian pharcharmy online[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]canadian pharmacies online[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]aarp approved canadian online pharmacies[/url]

  16. Nicely put, Thank you.
    [url=https://ciaonlinebuymsn.com/]canada pharmacies online[/url] [url=https://viagrabestbuyrx.com/]canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/]viagra without a prescription[/url]

  17. Regards, Loads of facts!

    [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]canada pharmacy[/url] [url=https://ciaonlinebuymsn.com/]canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuymsn.com/]viagra without a prescription[/url] [url=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/]ordering prescriptions from canada legally[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]global pharmacy canada[/url]

  18. Thanks a lot, I like it.
    [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]list of legitimate canadian pharmacies[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyopen.com/]canada drugs online[/url] [url=https://canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/]canada pharmacies online[/url] [url=https://viaonlinebuyntx.com/]online pharmacies of canada[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacycom.com/]top rated online canadian pharmacies[/url]

  19. Lovely forum posts, Appreciate it!
    [url=https://safeonlinecanadian.com/]canadian drugs[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/]canadian pharmacies-24h[/url] [url=https://canadianpharmacyntv.com/]online pharmacies of canada[/url]

  20. Regards! Quite a lot of content.
    [url=https://ciaonlinebuyntx.com/]Cialis Super Actif Plus[/url]