Family: Asteraceae/Composite
Common Names:   Creeping Thistle, Canada thistle. field thistle.
Synonyms: Carduus arvensis, Carduus arvensis, Cirsium incanumCirsium setosum,Serratula arvensis. 
Local Name:  Chiuli (च्युली).

Chiuli is a rhizomatous very fast-growing perennial plant that is in bloom from March to August.  It grows in a variety of habitats like open mesophytic areas, meadows, cultivated beds, roadsides, ditch spoil banks, gopher mounds, wastelands and overgrazed pastures. Chiuli is found up to an altitude of 1500 in Western Himalayas.

Edible above ground parts of Chiuli plant

This plant is a common pernicious weed of cultivated lands and gardens. It spreads freely from its aggressive root system and quickly forms dense clumps of growth.  Chiuli can succeed in any ordinary garden or arable land and need not to be introduced. It generally prefers sunny, moist and loamy soil.\

All parts of the Chiuli i.e. leave, stem and roots are edible, but stalks are mostly used for preparing vegetable by local people. Prickles present on chiuli makes harvesting of edible leaf and stalk not only a difficult task, but also leave very little edible parts for cooking. So, best way to ease this tough task is rinsing of above ground plant parts 2 to 3 times under a stream of water.

This process tends to debilitate the prickles to a significant extent, further putting these plant parts in boiling water for some time fully debilitate the prickles. This makes their handling more comfortable.

Chuli plant is heavily exploited for its medicinal uses.

Harvesting above ground parts of chiuli plant

Chiuli Plant:

Plant is a tall herbaceous polygamo-dioecious perennial, growing 30 cm-1.5 m tall.

Roots grow deep into the ground.

Leaves prickly, dark green and lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, sessile, but can be slightly clasping up to 15–20 cm long and 2–3 cm broad, glabrous above, but their undersides have short, white hairs.

Female inflorescences flask-shaped, 1-1.5 cm in diameter, and 1-2 cm tall. Female flowers fragrant, less globose and larger then male flowers.

Flower-heads 1-2.2 cm in diameter, usually purple in colour, but can be pink or white, with all the florets of similar form (no division into disc and ray florets).

Seeds 4–5 mm long, with a feathery pappus assisting in wind dispersal.

The fruits (achenes) tiny, 2-3 mm (0.1 in.) long and about 1 mm (0.04 in.) in diameter, with white to light brown pappus attached.

A mature Chiuli plant

Chiuli plant can provide edible stem, leaves and roots throughout the year. Chiuli is facing a serious danger of extinction as roots of this plant are badly harvested by inhabitants of Western Himalaya as a medicine. To ensure its sustainable harvesting plant should be harvested from different location on rotation basis and should not remove its reproductive parts.

Edible Uses:

Stem, leaves and roots of chiuli are used for cooking but to collect these plant parts is a fiddly task.

Harvested above plant parts of chiuli plant

Stem are hollow inside and after peeling off very less amount is left for preparing vegetable. So one needs to harvest in larger amounts. Leaves are eaten raw or cooked after removing prickles. The roots are also edible, though used rarely for food rather than used medicinally.

   Peeling off and chopping of stem and stock of chuli plant

Chiuli Stem Vegetable:


 Peeled off, chopped hollow stem, 1 kg; mustard oil, 3-4 table spoons; coriander powder 1 table spoon; fenugreek powder, ½ table spoon; cumin seed, 1 tea spoon;  turmeric powder, 1/2 table spoon; red chillies; 2-3 medium sized chopped onions, 2-4; garlic, 4-5 cloves; ginger paste, ½ table spoon; 4 cup amount curd or butter milk; garam masala, ½ tea spoon;1 cup amount chopped green coriander leaves and salt according to taste.

Chopped stem of chuli plant


For preparing vegetable, chopped stem is sauted in hot oil along with spice listed before in sequence, cook for 5-10 minutes, garnish the recipe with chopped coriander leaves and garam masala then serve with chapatis. The preparation tastes very good.

If it is to be taken with rice, then add 4 cups of curd or butter milk and cook for another 5-10 minutes, add garam masala then serve.

Chiuli Vegetable ready to serve

Seek advice from a professional before using this plant medicinally.

Medicinal Uses:

Root of chuli plant is frequently harvested by locals for its medicinal value. Unplanned exploitation of chiuli root have significantly reduced plant number in many parts of western Himalayas. It is tonic, diuretic, astringent, antiphlogistic and hepatic. Root juice has cooling effect on body and very effective remedy against nose bleeding, Root is often chewed as a remedy for toothache. Root poultice is used to relieve headache.

Other Uses:

Other Uses:

Seeds of plant are a good source of oil, containing about 22% oil. Leaves used to coagulate milk (Maheshwari et al.,1981).


1. Maheshwari, J.K.,Singh.K.K.& Saha,S.1981. The Ethnobotany of Tharus of Kheri district,U.P. India. Nat.Bot.Res.Inst.Lachnow.

2. “Cirsium arvense.” Plants for a Future: June 8, 2009

2,657 thoughts on “Cirsium arvense (L .) Scop.- Chiuli (च्युली)

  1. I simply want to tell you that I am newbie to weblog and really enjoyed you’re web-site. Almost certainly I’m going to bookmark your blog . You absolutely have excellent articles. Regards for sharing with us your web site.

  2. I don’t even know the way I ended up right here,
    however I believed this put up used to be great. I don’t recognize who you’re however definitely you’re going to a well-known blogger
    if you are not already. Cheers!

  3. I seriously love your website.. Excellent
    colors & theme. Did you build this website yourself?
    Please reply back as I’m trying to create my very own website and would like to
    know where you got this from or just what the theme is named.

    Many thanks!

  4. Admiring the dedication you put into your blog and detailed information you provide.

    It’s great to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t
    the same old rehashed information. Great read! I’ve saved your
    site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  5. I liked as much as you’ll receive carried out right here.
    The sketch is attractive, your authored material
    stylish. nevertheless, you command get got an shakiness over that you
    would like be turning in the following. in poor health definitely come more earlier again as exactly the similar just about very often within case you protect
    this increase.

  6. Terrific article! This is the kind of info that
    are meant to be shared around the internet. Disgrace on Google
    for no longer positioning this post upper! Come on over and
    talk over with my site . Thank you =)

  7. Many thanks! A lot of stuff.

    [url=]canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=]top rated canadian pharmacies online[/url]

  8. Thank you, Helpful information.
    [url=]canada pharmacies online prescriptions[/url] [url=]cheap cialis[/url] [url=]canadian online pharmacies legitimate by aarp[/url] [url=]canadian drugs[/url]

  9. I like what you guys are up also. Such intelligent work and reporting!

    Carry on the excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll.
    I think it will improve the value of my site :).

  10. Well spoken indeed. !
    [url=]canadian pharmacies online[/url] [url=]viagra online without a prescrition[/url] [url=]canadian pharmacies without an rx[/url]

  11. Thank you. Loads of material!

    [url=]canadian pharcharmy[/url] [url=]no 1 canadian pharcharmy online[/url] [url=]online pharmacies of canada[/url]

  12. As I website possessor I believe the content material
    here is rattling wonderful , appreciate it for your hard work.

    You should keep it up forever! Best of luck.

  13. You definitely made your point!
    [url=]canadian online pharmacies[/url] [url=]canadian pharcharmy[/url] [url=]canada pharmacies online[/url] [url=]canada online pharmacies[/url] [url=]canada pharmacy[/url]

  14. Useful tips. Kudos.
    [url=]highest rated canadian pharmacies[/url] [url=]top rated canadian pharmacies online[/url] [url=]buy viagra online without script[/url] [url=]highest rated canadian pharmacies[/url]

  15. You actually reported this adequately!
    [url=]north west pharmacy canada[/url] [url=]canadian online pharmacies legitimate[/url] [url=]canada pharmaceuticals online[/url] [url=]drugs online[/url]